Mineral and chalk paint are two similar paint, but they are not the same paint. So, what’s the difference between both paints?
Mineral paint is a more durable paint. That’s because mineral paint is designed with a built-in top coat. On the other hand, chalk paint isn’t as durable and will wash off if cleaned with water.
Mineral paint has no chalk or plaster in its formula. And chalk paint doesn’t have a built-in top coat. So, these two paints are different.
Chalk paint is a water-based paint. However, unlike other water-based paints, chalk paint doesn’t contain just water and paint pigments; it also has dehydrated gypsum or plaster of Paris in its formula. These two additives give chalk paint a vintage appearance and increase its adhesive qualities.
The presence of plaster in the coating and the water-based nature of the paint help chalk paint to stick well on all types of surfaces. Plasters are powerful bonders used to hold material together. Plaster of Paris especially is used while making sculptures and casts.
When compared to other paint types, chalk paint is a new paint. However, due to the additives on its paint coating, chalk paint has a vintage appearance when dry. The finish of chalk paint is a colorful dry matte, which is why chalk paint is used for old furniture.
Chalk paint has over 40 different color shades of paint. You can mix these color shades and create a unique color shade of chalk paint. In addition, chalk paint is porous, meaning you can easily seal the chalk paint.
However, chalk paint isn’t as durable as oil-based paint. Chalk paint won’t last long on outdoor surfaces.
Fusion Mineral Paint
Mineral paint, known as fusion mineral paint, is an acrylic water-based paint. This paint is known for its smooth, colorful, and durable finish. Just like chalk paint, mineral paint is also a new paint.
Since mineral paint is water-based, the paint has good adhesion qualities. As a result, you can apply mineral paint to different surfaces without using a primer. You can also apply mineral paint to glossy finishes and it will stick. That’s because mineral paint is a self-leveling paint. This means the paint will level itself and produce an even smooth silky finish.
You can use mineral paint to cover furniture, plastered walls, and plastic. The paint is common for surfaces that need a fine finish, such as cabinets, desks, and drawers.
Unlike other paints, mineral paint comes with an in-built top coat. So, you don’t need to seal the mineral paint. This means this paint is durable and will withstand different weather elements.
Mineral paint comes in several colors, with Fusion having over 50 color shades to choose from.
Mineral Paint vs Chalk Paint
For this comparison, we’ll use the features of both paints. Since both paints are water-based, let’s start with durability.
Mineral paints are more durable than chalk paint. That’s because mineral paints are designed with a built-in top coat. The top coat of mineral paint is resistant to moisture and chipping.
On the other hand, chalk paint doesn’t have a topcoat. So, the paint isn’t durable enough to withstand moisture or water for a long time. As a result, chalk paint is good for decorative and indoor surfaces, but chalk paint won’t last long on outdoor surfaces.
You can apply mineral paint and chalk paint the same way. However, chalk paint requires prep work before applying, while mineral paint doesn’t.
You must sand before applying chalk paint to get a smooth finish. For glossy surfaces, you must prime before applying chalk paint. In comparison, mineral paint doesn’t require any prep work. Mineral paint is a self-leveling paint that sticks to any surface without sanding or priming.
Both paints are water-based, so they aren’t too thick. However, chalk paint has a thicker flow than mineral paint. So in most cases, you need to thin chalk paint before applying it.
On the other hand, mineral paint has a thin flow. The thin flow allows mineral paint to hide brush marks better.
Mineral paint has better adhesive qualities than chalk paint. That’s because mineral paint is self-leveling and will stick to any surface, including glossy surfaces.
On the other hand, chalk paint has good adhesive qualities. But, it won’t stick to a glossy surface.
Chalk and mineral paint both offer a dry finish. So, to archive an antique look, you must distress the paint. This means sanding or buffing the finish after it dries with sanding sheets to get an old appearance.
You can distress chalk paint easier than mineral paint. That’s because chalk paint isn’t durable (or hard) and can be sanded off easier. To distress chalk paint, you can use sandpaper and manually sand it.
Since mineral paint is harder (and more durable), distressing it can be hard. You need to use power sand to distress mineral paint.
Chalk paint isn’t water-resistant. The paint will resist a low amount of water, but the chalk paint will get removed if you wash it with water.
On the other hand, mineral paint is water-resistant. That’s because the mineral paint has an in-built topcoat that makes the finish resistant to water.
Both paints are easy to clean. To get rid of stains on chalk paint, you can use a clean rag and a little amount of water. But, if you clean a chalk paint finish frequently, it will wear off.
However, mineral paint is easier to clean than chalk paint. To remove stains on mineral paint, you need to only use a clean rag (without water). That’s because the top layer of mineral paint is stain-resistant. This means the stain won’t etch, discolor, or penetrate the mineral paint finish. Since the stain can’t penetrate or stick, it can be wiped off with a cloth.
You don’t need to seal mineral paint because the paint has an in-built top coat. This top coat protects the mineral paint from moisture, water, stains, and scratches.
However, you must seal chalk paint. That’s because chalk paint isn’t durable and will wear off without a sealer.
Mineral paint has a smoother finish than chalk paint. That’s because mineral paint has a built-in top coat. On the other hand, chalk paint has a textured dry finish.
Do You Need Chalk Paint or Mineral Paint?
Before making your decision, consider:
- Painting Experience – Both paints are easy to apply. but mineral paint is easier to apply than chalk paint. That’s because mineral paint doesn’t require prep work before applying it. So, mineral paint is easier to apply if you are a beginner. On the other hand, before you apply chalk paint, you must clean, sand, and prime the surface.
- Distress or not – If you want a distressed finish, use chalk paint. That’s because chalk paint is easier to distress than mineral paint. Mineral paints can also be distressed, but it will take some time due to the thick top coat.
- Clean-up – If you are painting a high-traffic surface, you must use paint that is easy to clean. Mineral paint is easier to clean than chalk paint.
- Sealing or Not – If you want to use a clear coat sealant, use chalk paint. That’s because chalk paint has a textured dry finish, and you can use a clear coat sealant. However, mineral paint has its own sealant, so sealing it will be harder.
- Indoors or Outdoors – For indoor surfaces, use chalk paint. For outdoor surfaces, use mineral paint.
Related Read: Chalk vs Latex Paint?